Fiddle favorite credited to a real countess? Probably this is an alias for a vaudeville songwriter. Already used as 'incidental music' in the 1916 comedy Come Out Of The Kitchen with Ruth Chatterton.
Uncle Am Stuart [as Old Liza Jane at the age of 73, so who knows how long he knew and played it; he'd witnessed the American Civil War]
Riley Puckett [oldest folk type Liza Jane for Columbia]
Tom Watson [alias for Riley Puckett on Silvertone]
Tenneva Ramblers [as Miss Lisa, Poor Gal]
Carter Brothers & Sam [Sam is Sam Chatmon]
Wilson 'Stavin Chain' Jones, Octave Amos & Charles Gobert [Lomax recording]
Jelly Roll Morton [on guitar]
Bob Wills [as Goodbye Liza Jane]
Davy Jones & The Kingbees [as Liza Jane; David Bowie's first single]
New Orleans Nightcrawlers [as Funky Liza]
Tune already popular in Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana and Mississippi in the early 1900s. Song historian Sigmund Spaeth cites an anonymous version from 1871, arranged by Eddie Fox. Li'l Liza Jane is also a theme song for the Rotary Social Club. See also: Run, Molly, Run.