B-side to Handy's St. Louis Blues (see there).
Victor Military Band [as Hesitation Blues, crediting Billy Smythe/Scott Middleton/Art Gillhan]
Sara Martin & Eva Taylor [as Hesitation Blues]
Uncle Dave Macon [as Hill Billy Blues, later as Hesitation Blues]
Art Gillham [coauthor]
Charlie Poole & The North Carolina Ramblers [as If The River Was Whiskey]
Milton Brown [key version]
Jelly Roll Morton [for the Library of Congress]
Janis Joplin [with Jorma Kaukonen]
Ian Whitcomb [in film Cat's Meaw]
Marian McPartland & Steely Dan [most as Hesitation Blues]
Willie & The Wheel [Willie Nelson & Asleep At The Wheel]
The same year Smythe, Middleton & Gillhan's Hesitation Blues was published, W.C. Handy published his, using part of the same lyrics: "Honey how long will I have to wait? Oh won't you tell me now Baby, why do you hesitate?"