Based on William Blake's Preface to Milton, A Poem, printed in 1808. Exactly one century later it was selected by poet laureat Robert Bridges for his patriotic collection The Spirit Of Man during in a desperate attempt to cheer up British soldiers in the trenches of WW I. That's when Parry was asked to score it. First noticed by the Suffragettes who recognized it as a possible Voters Hymn. Parry agreed, not only orchestrating it for them (in 1918), the National Union of Woman's Suffrage Societies was co-credited. That's when it became known as Jerusalem, becoming England's most popular patriotic hymn.
Sir Edward Elgar [re-scored for large orchestra as Jerusalem during the Leeds Festival]
Peter Dawson [idem]
Paul Robeson [idem]
John McCormack [idem]
Sir Malcolm Sargent [idem; during the earliest Last Night Of The Proms concert in the Royal Albert Hall]
Emerson, Lake & Palmer [idem; banned by the BBC]
Suzi Pinns [in punk film Jubilee]
Supertramp [choir part in the background at the end of Fool's Overture]
Vangelis [in film Chariots Of Fire; vocal: Ambrosian Singers; actually the same William Blake Preface inspired the film's title; Chariot of fire as byword for divine energy]
Mark Stewart & The Maffia [idem]
Justified Ancients of Mau Mau [in It's Grim Up North; top 10 UK]
Jeff Beck [all as Jerusalem]
Films other than Chariots Of Fire featuring a version of Jerusalem: Four Weddings And A Funeral, The Loneliness Of The Long Distance Runner, Calendar Girls, Brassed Off, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, The Man Who Fell To Earth, Shameless and Monty Python's Flying Circus. It is also the Jerusalem Herman Van Veen sings about in Hilversum III: 'Op elke steiger klonk een lied, van Paljas of Jerusalem'.