Tenor with the oldest recording available. Possible older ones: by Maréchal, Francis Marty, Petrus, Odette Dulac, Mercadier and/or Welldy. First performed by Belgian tenor turned music-hall star Antoine Renard, who received the lyrics first-handed from future socialist propagandist Jean Baptiste Clément. Written in 1866, five years before the Paris Commune. Best known song of that period and a left wing anthem ever since. In a 1885 songbook Clément dedicated it to the memory of "la vaillante citoyenne Louise, ambulancière de la Rue Fontaine-au-Roi, le dimanche 28 mai 1871". That's the place of the last barricade held by the Communards. Clément is buried at Père Lachaise.