STAR SPANGLED BANNER, THE

Latest update on 12/12/2012

Artist: Gilmore's Band
Author: John Stafford Smith/Francis Ford Key
Label: New Jersey
Year: 1892

On cylinder. N°2 US. Original title of the melody: To Anacreon In Heaven, a drinking song written by Stafford Smith and introduced in the London Crown And Anchor pub (circa 1777). The melody crossed the Atlantic, where it first fitted patriotic song Adams And Liberty. Later in 1814 during the English siege of Fort McHenry near Baltimore, first witness Francis Ford Key wrote a poem entitled: Defence Of Fort McHenry To The Tune Anacreon In Heaven, including a line about the proud flag waving bravely along. "The Star Spangled Banner" seemed to be an easier title. Following the battle of Baltimore the song spread like wildfire. First singer mentioned was actor Ferdinand Durang who introduced it in a small tavern in Baltimore days after the siege. Key's original manuscript was auctioned in 1934 for $24.000. One of the main attractions of the Smithsonian Institute in Washington D.C. is the authentic bullet riddled Star Spangled Banner Francis Key saw waving over Fort McHenry. To stress his familiarity with the music of To Anacreon In Heaven, Francis Key wrote another poem to that same melody well in advance of the Star-Spangled Banner: The Warrior's Return in honor of Stephen Decatur's triumphant campaign during the war with Tripoli (1801-1805). Novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald (The Great Gatsby) had Francis Ford Key as one of his forefathers.

Covers:

1895:

US Marine Band

1896:

Edison Concert Band

1900:

Sousa's Band [on disc]

1915:

Margaret Woodrow Wilson [daughter of President Woodrow Wilson]

1915:

Geraldine Farrar

1916:

Prince's Orch. [Charles Adams Prince was a relative of President John Adams]

1917:

John McCormack [n°1 US]

1917:

Charles Harrison

1929:

Ernestine Schumann-Heink

1939:

Bing Crosby [B-side of God Bless America]

1939:

Kate Smith [B-side of God Bless America]

1952:

Sandpipers

1963:

United States Marine Band

1963:

Robert Shaw Chorale

1963:

United States Navy Band

1967:

Anita Bryant

1968:

José Feliciano

1969:

Jimi Hendrix [at Woodstock of course, but he introduced it earlier that year: on his West Coast Seattle Boy box set there's a version from April '69]

1970:

Tennessee Ernie Ford

1991:

Whitney Houston [at the Super Bowl ceremony days before the first Gulf War]

1992:

Billy Ray Cyrus

1993:

Red House Painters

1993:

Kiss

1998:

Helmut Lotti

2002:

Blues Traveler

2007:

Take 6 [on Song Of America, with the Fort McHenry flag on the cover]

Official US national anthem since 1931, when it replaced Kathrine Ann Bates' America The Beautiful.

Contact


If you noticed blunt omissions, mis-interpretations or even out-and-out errors, please let us know by contacting us:

Arnold Rypens
Rozenlaan 65
B-2840 Reet (Rumst)

info@originals.be

No Facebook No Twitter